Textile machinery is to process natural fiber or chemical fiber into a variety of mechanical equipment required for textiles. Although the machinery for the production of chemical fibers includes a variety of chemical machinery, it is now considered as an extension of textile machinery, belonging to a broad sense of textile machinery. Different processes are needed to process cotton, hemp, silk, wool and other fibers into textiles. Some of them are completely different. Therefore, there are various machines needed. Textile machinery is usually classified according to the production process, including: spinning equipment, weaving equipment, printing and dyeing equipment, finishing equipment, chemical fiber drawing equipment, silk reeling equipment and non-woven fabric equipment. Spinning equipment is divided into two categories: processing short fibers and processing long fibers. Cotton and cotton type chemical fibers belong to short fibers, while wool, hemp, silk and their blends belong to long fibers. The processing procedures of the two kinds of fibers are different, and the equipment can not be used in general, but the design principles of some machines are similar. Even if the same kind of equipment, the machine structure is similar, but due to the nature of the raw materials and the final requirements of the fabric, it can not be used generally.
Textile machinery is the production means and material basis of textile industry. Its technical level, quality and manufacturing cost are directly related to the development of textile industry.